A green economy for people’s well-being
Sector-specific green economy solutions
The following solutions are sector specific and aimed at building local revenue, generating a more inclusive distribution of benefits and reducing pressures to deforest:
- Biodiversity-based enterprises run by community managed areas
Communities are directly involved in marketing biodiversity-based (including agroforestry) products, thereby building local economies, alleviating poverty and reducing pressures to deforest. Examples include honey, gaharu, ’Banuaka’ beads, medicinal plants, fish, cocoa and adan rice.
- Future biodiversity-based business
This involves market-based mechanisms that recognise natural capital as an asset, thereby creating financial value. Examples include bio-banking, bio-prospecting and ecosystem restoration as a commercial service.
- Transboundary ecotourism
An integrated strategy for HoB cross-border ecotourism would enhance biodiversity and local livelihoods while helping to sustain Dayak culture.
- Innovative green sectors
This includes green energy such as micro-hydro power and technologies which turn waste into raw materials for generating energy or other useful products (e.g. processing of palm oil effluent to energy).
- Greening high-impact sectors
Large-scale, high-impact sectors, including logging, palm oil cultivation and mining, require a range of investments to enhance their sustainability (including land swaps). These efforts need to be supported through incentives for following certification processes and internationally recognized sustainability standards and through penalties for unsustainable practices.
Cross cutting green economy solutions
The following are essential interventions across the landscape which require a collaborative approach among sectors:
- Participatory ecosystem-based spatial planning
This tool for landscape management uses ecosystem boundaries as the delineating factor rather than district, state or other administrative boundaries. Developed in a participatory way, the approach aims at the harmonious coexistence of all living organisms—humans, plants, animals and microorganisms—together with the abiotic environment.
- Integrated watershed management
This approach promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in a watershed in order to maximize economic and social welfare and equity without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems and the environment.
- Expanding protected areas networks and improving connectivity
Effective management as well as increasing the size of protected areas and enhancing their connectivity helps to preserve their ecological integrity for enhanced flow of ecosystem services while facilitating gene flow and building resilience in a changing climate.