Comprising approximately 30% of the island of Borneo’s land area, the Heart of Borneo (HoB) covers more than 22 million hectares of tropical rainforest across three countries: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia (Kalimantan) and Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak).
The Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative is a transboundary effort between Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia to enable conservation and sustainable development that improves the welfare of those living on the island while minimizing deforestation, forest degradation and the associated loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.
The economy in Borneo is largely dependent on the HoB’s natural capital. This dependency can result in negative impacts on the natural capital on which the economy depends.
The resulting degradation and depletion mean that the sectors themselves—along with society as a whole—increasingly suffer from the effects of declining natural capital. This is worsened by the impacts of climate change including sea level rise, risk of floods and fires and changes in the duration and intensity of wet and dry seasons.
Ongoing efforts are beginning to demonstrate that a green economy approach to achieving the HoB governments’ vision of conservation and sustainable development will lead to more inclusive economic planning, management and accounting within the economies of Brunei, Kalimantan, Sabah and Sarawak. Examples of these efforts are highlighted in the “Financing the Heart of Borneo” report which the three governments launched at the UN CBD in Nagoya (2010).
To fully realize the HoB Declaration and to make further progress in their transition to a green economy, Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia, with support from all stakeholders, will need to invest in the ecosystems and biodiversity of the HoB and to incorporate their essential contributions within national/local economic and development plans.
On the HoB Initiative:
On WWF’s work with the 3 Borneo nations on this initiative: