Local forest-based enterprises



Natural capital on which local forest-based enterprises sector depends

  • NTFP supply (e.g. fruits, nuts, wildlife meat, wild cinnamon, medicinal herbs, firewood)
  • Agro-forestry products (e.g. planting durian, honey, rattan, gaharu)
  • Watershed services
  • Soil structure
  • Decomposition of organic matter
  • Nutrient cycling.
Impacts of unsustainable practices on natural capital Unsustainable extraction depletes supply for short-term gains;

Unsustainable practices can degrade watershed functions (soil erosion, river sedimentation) and can result in biodiversity loss.

Impacts of declining natural capital on the local forest-based enterprises and other sectors Forest degradation and forest conversion by other sectors reduces available products and local income.