Mining



Natural capital on which mining sector depends

  • Minerals
  • Ecological infrastructure/River transportation
  • Watershed functions
Impacts of unsustainable practices of the mining sector on natural capital Clearance and degradation of natural forest, biodiversity loss, and carbon emissions;

Degraded watershed functions (soil erosion), river pollution, and damage to aquatic ecosystems and biodiversity, river sedimentation.

Impacts of declining natural capital on the mining and other sectors River sedimentation due to erosion can restrict river barge transport, resulting in increased costs for dredging and cost of alternative infrastructure development;

Pollution of waterways can affect water supply and fishery sector.