||Certification is a way to indicate to buyers that the producer has upheld certain standards of
conduct embodied in the certification requirements. For responsible timber production, this
entails responsible forest management, taking into account the forest’s role in regulating water
flow, preventing floods and landslides, storing carbon and providing habitat. It also involves
avoiding logging or plantation development on High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF), which is
a classification established by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Social aspects are
|What is the issue?
||Forests play an essential role in regulating water flow, preventing floods and landslides,
maintaining soil functions, storing carbon and providing habitat for endangered and other
species. Depletion and degradation of forests affects their ability to perform these functions.
Furthermore, in some countries, concession systems restrict local communities’ access to forests
which have traditionally helped to provide their livelihoods.|
|Who is the seller?
|Who is the buyer?||Middlemen, companies.|
successful business model
- Where necessary, adapt requirements of existing certification bodies to local policy, legal and
- Promote and incentivize certification.
|What can investors do
||Investors and lenders can deny uncertified companies credit and adopt certification as a criterion
for eligibility to credit.|
|What can consumers do?
- Invest in meeting the certification standards and in getting certified;
- Lobby for extending the duration of exploitation permits, so that businesses will have an
incentive to adopt a longer-term view;
- Negotiate with local communities on a compromise to solve restricted access and exploitation
- Buy certified wood/paper/pulp products.
|What can the Government do?
- Extend the duration of concessions and exploitation permits, so that producers have an
incentive to adopt a longer-term perspective on forest management.
- Tax uncertified businesses and waive taxes for certified businesses;
- Only issue long-term exploitation permits.
- Securing natural capital: Contributes to the health of ecosystems and ecosystem services.
- Poverty reduction: Solving problems of restricted access, local communities can revert to
traditional forest-based activities for extra income;
- Economic growth: By solving problems of restricted access, traditional local economies can
be revived. Natural capital (including ecosystem goods and services) is maintained, benefiting a
range of economic sectors in the region and avoiding unnecessary environmental costs;
- Climate change mitigation/adaptation: Restoring forests improves their capacity as carbon
sinks, which supports the mitigation of climate change.