|Description||Industries generally look at waste as burdens for which they need to find solutions. However, with
the right technologies, waste can be utilized as raw material for generating energy. Both liquid
waste (e.g. dung, liquid manure and other bio-waste such as Palm Oil Mills Effluent (POME)) and
solid wastes can be processed into gaseous fuels, which can in turn be used for energy generation,
while avoiding the GHG emissions related to the use of fossil fuels. |
Biogas–a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide–is created during anaerobic fermentation of liquid wastes and serves as a high-energy, renewable fuel that can be used as a substitute for fossil fuels. High-quality fertilizer is a by-product of this process.
Syngas is produced through gasification of solid wastes and can be likewise be used for rural electrification. Typically, one to two kg of solid waste can produce one kWh of electricity.
|What is the issue?||The domestic energy demand of the HoB countries has been largely met through fossil fuels in the
last few decades, notably oil, coal and, more recently, natural gas. Energy use is the second largest
source of GHG emissions, following emissions from land use changes, including deforestation
and peat fires. It is also one of the fastest growing sectors.
In the HoB, many communities are not connected to the national grid, instead getting their electricity from generators which run on fossil fuels. The fuel has to be bought and transported from the cities.
Furthermore, waste from palm oil mills and plantations is abundantly available in the HoB and can be part of a comprehensive solution to a complex waste problem, combining regulatory implementation, industrial burden, energy conservation, community income, standard of living, regional economy and environmental protection.
|Who is the seller?||Many combinations can be envisioned depending on the business model.|
|Who is the buyer?||Many combinations can be envisioned depending on the business model.|
successful business model
|What can banks/investors do?||Financial institutions can channel ‘green and clean’ energy funding into appropriate technology
|What can the private sector do?|
|What can the Government do?||